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  • The invention of underdevelopment

    Aid grew from benevolence into a business.   Post-development theorist Arturo Escobar (1995) starts his book Encountering Development with the statement that the domain of economy is completely and seemingly naturally monopolized by capitalism. He then states that the same can be said about globalization. I in turn believe that to a great extent the…

  • Why Poverty?

    Vandana Shiva’s main argument against growth – that there is no equality of opportunity because opportunities are deliberately being closed to people – paints an accurate picture of the injustice inherent to growth-based development.   When I first listened to the debate Why Poverty? hosted by the BBC on November 30th 2012, about the origins…